Windmills and Cattle at Sunset (c. 1855) by Henry Singlewood Bisbing


American, 1849-1933

This scene of cattle luxuriating in Dutch fields in the shadows of windmills at Sunset was made by the American artist near the end of his career. Bisbing first studied at the then nascent Pennsylvania Academy of Art, where he trained to be a wood engraver. He then followed the examples of other artists like Whistler, Duveneck, and Beirstadt to study at the Munich Academy. There he became a follower of the Belgian animal painter JHL de Haas. Thereafter, Bisbing gained his own reputation for scenes such as this, which combined his understanding of composition and values — gained from working in the black-and-white medium of etching — with Tonalism.